- Invest in good schemes.
- Avoid risky investments.
- Keep reviewing your retirement plans.
- Watch out your spending habits
- Give up now and enjoy later
No wonder, people, especially youngsters nowadays have different philosophies for life. To them, life is all about living the present and not worrying much about the rainy days ahead. “Who cares and who knows!” But, this is not the case. Adversities are like credit card payment collection guys, they can knock on your door any time and they can knock you down any time. Should they knock you down in the fourth phase of your life (old age), recovery becomes very hard and sometimes impossible. You should save and you should learn how to save. Ever thought why did your parents buy you a piggy bank? They want you to learn the importance of savings.
Being a financial planning apprentice, I got to listen to hundreds of stories every day. And, the most common one is – “My nest egg of saving is smaller than that of my brother’s.” This reason is perfectly acceptable because maybe you don’t have as much earning as your brother might have or unlike you, your brother is not keeping all his eggs in one basket; he has multiple income sources that are completely unknown to you. None of your business, either.
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Anyhow, I am no one to make you feel bad. But, my point is how you can save ₹1 Crore in next 15 years regardless of your starting age. Even if you are in the 40th year of your age, you can start today and can be sure of having a good old age life.
No wonder, what income group you fall in – LIG, MIG or HIG, you need to fasten your belt once you blow off the candles of your 40th birthday. Friendly advice is – save at least 10-15% of your income on a monthly basis.
Cut your lifestyle, reduce your expenses, give up your comforts, skip outdoors or do whatever it takes. You need to bring your expenses down and you need to increase your savings. The question now is – where to put these savings? So, here are some suggestions for that.
EPF or VPF - Employee's Provident Fund or Voluntary Provident Funds
Increase your share from to something that you can easily afford. If you are covered under EFP, ask your employer to raise your share from 12% to a higher amount. This additional contribution is going to earn the same amount of 8.5% and the best part is – deduction under section 80C.
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In the case of the VPF, interest earned is less than PF or PPF. If you are not covered under EPF, you can then go for PPF, but in this account, you cannot save more than ₹1 Lakh annually. Should you want to put more, look for NPS – national pensioner scheme. To save ₹1 Crore in 15 years you need to save – ₹27,641 every month for 15 years.
Bank Deposit – Fixed Deposit
Try to have fixed deposits in the bank because they can get you a good amount of interest. This can assure you of a guaranteed return after the maturity and interest earned is fully taxable as per the tax slab. The only problem is – interest rate fluctuations. You need to be a little watchful about interest rates. To save ₹1 Crore in 15 years you need to save – ₹30,201 every month for 15 years.
“Invest in LIC.” There are many Life Insurances available in the market. But, to this date, LIC’s Jeevan Anand is a high return LIC policy. This life insurance policy not only offers financial protection to your family after your death but also pledges high returns on the investment made. To save ₹1 Crore in 15 years you need to save – ₹37,000 every month for 15 years.
Gold and Property
Investment done in gold and property can offer you awesome results. However, there is no standard rate of returns for these investments. But, according to some cases – the return percentage was as high as 8-10%. Property can reduce your tax burden when you sell and can also get you rental income. To save ₹1 Crore in 15 years you need to save – ₹26,127 every month for 15 years.
Equity Mutual Funds
What could be more interesting than 12% – 14% returns on an investment? Equity mutual funds can get you maximum results on the smaller contribution if left untouched for longer duration.
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But, this is a risky investment and that is why it offers an awesome rate of interest. The risks are associated with bull and bear trends in the market. To save ₹1 Crore in 15 years you need to save – ₹14,000 every month for 15 years.
I have seen people investing in stocks and other risky areas. For those investments, they have to rely on the judgments of their planners/brokers. I must say, if you don’t know how to deal with the graphs of Stock Exchange, do not dare to invest your money there.
You cannot control the market conditions and all you can control is – your savings and expenses. Do not invest in things that you have any control on.
Watch out for your spending habits. If you think you are a spendthrift, avoid carrying your CC (credit cards) when you go shopping. Do take hard cash only and have no debit or credit cards. This way, you will be able to manage your useless expenses.
Reminds me of Warren Buffet’s quote – “If you buy things you don’t need, you may soon have to sell the things you need.”
Choose your retirement plan very carefully and keep reviewing your plan from time to time. Life is so uncertain and shit happens. I know a person who planned to save nearly ₹3 crores as his retirement plan, but after his employer duped him, he lost a big share of PF. He then reviewed his plan and made alterations to his retirement plans.