Everything You Need To Know About Heartburn

Everything You Need To Know About Heartburn
Everything You Need To Know About Heartburn
Photo Credit: Tharakorn / Bigstockphoto
Kumar Sunil

Kumar Sunil

Dreamer & Enthusiast

Creative. One word says it all for Sunil. A engineer, an enthusiastic and conscientious Information Technology consultant by profession, Sunil shares a special interest with entrepreneurship and lifestyle.


  1. Heartburn is a painful burning feeling in your chest
  2. Heartburn is caused by stomach acid rising in your throat.
  3. Avoid having alcohol, caffeine, acidic juices, acidic foods.

Heartburn, painful sensations similar to heartburn felt in the upper abdomen that sometimes radiates behind the sternum and usually occur after meals, after strenuous exercise or after a diet consistent in meat, fat and sweets, often at night, when you are lying. This burn creates a state of deep discomfort, it spoils the good mood and it can sometimes confuse you with a heart pain.

Burn Stomach Can Be Felt in Several Ways
  • Burning in the chest just behind the breastbone that can last from several minutes to several hours chest pain
  • Feeling burning sensations in the throat or a feeling of warm liquid, acidic or salty in the back of the throat
  • Feeling to have food debris stuck somewhere in the middle of the chest or throat in the middle

Heartburn as in medical terms is called burning embodies and can be quite difficult to treat. This is the symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease. In individual pathology, it is described as acidic gastric juice on the esophageal mucosa. That is, the gastric juice in the stomach reaches the esophagus, the esophagus, but has a much higher pH than the stomach and thus, esophageal gastric mucosa chemical burns. If this phenomenon continues constantly there may be implications in blood vessels that can result in vomiting blood.

Is it Heartburn or Heart Attack?

Because they make great confusion between the two medical problems – are very similar and both an imprecise location – it is good to know those few elements that make the difference. Often, a heart attack was mistaken for a perforated ulcer or vice versa.

First, you must address three specific questions: sweat, palpitations, and (hard) breathing? If your answer is yes to the three questions, it is best to consult a doctor to rule out a possible heart problem. A heart attack may be distinguished by symptoms of heartburn an extra worsening overall condition of the body:

A heart attack may be distinguished by symptoms of heartburn an extra worsening overall condition of the body:

  • A dull pain in or near the center of the chest
  • The feeling that you tighten the belt around the chest
  • Dizziness
  • Sudden pressure on chest, which worsens rapidly
  • Widespread pain in shoulders, neck, jaw, arms
  • Sweating
  • Blurred eyes
  • Breathing Difficulties

Causes of Stomach Acid - Heartburn

The stress and / or other psychological problems: in fact, the digestive system has more nerve cells than the brain! And a link between the nervous system and the digestive system is a reality that the patient and doctor should usually consider. In caregiver stress can, therefore, in some cases greatly reduce heartburn.

  • When taking drugs irritating the stomach, they can irritate the stomach lining strongly and can cause ulcers (sometimes leading to bleeding) and heartburn. Many other classes of drugs may also lead to gastrointestinal complications.
  • Too acidic, fatty foods, spicy, too much alcohol can increase gastric complications we rather speak of gastroenteritis.
  • A hiatal hernia (muscle problem between the stomach and the diaphragm)
  • Improper closure of the valve between the esophagus and the entrance to the stomach.
  • Infectious agents (such as some viruses, we speak in this case more than gastroenteritis)
  • Allergies or pseudo-allergies to certain foods or medicines
  • Genetic causes (hereditary causes)
  • An overproduction of stomach acid with or without a known reason
  • A defect in the stomach

Other factors causing heartburn may be those leading to abnormal relaxation of the esophageal sphincter and acid reflux ensuing. These factors are smoking, diabetes , the obesity, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, scleroderma, etc.

Also, in pregnant women, the increase in hormones in combination with the pressure generated by the growing fetus create a context conducive to his stomach burns. It gets worse in the third quarter, but almost always disappear after birth.

Diagnosis of Gastric Acidity - Heartburn

The diagnosis of heartburn is usually performed by a physician, the pharmacist can, however also help you identify the disease better. The doctor will often be a medical anamnesis (medical history) and ask about the eating habits of the patient. In the case of chronic heartburn, your doctor may perform additional tests in particular to exclude other diseases, some potentially serious as cancer.

Gastroscopy (gastric endoscopy) is usually practiced, a biopsy may also be performed. Other methods can be used radios or pH measurement with specific devices. The doctor may perform tests to identify the presence of the bacterium H. pylori, the organism that can cause ulcers and is often associated with heartburn.

Avoid These Foods

After dinner, walk a while, do not relax (because the prone position promotes the stomach acid reflux). If you fold, sleep with your upper body slightly raised.

Eat foods like yogurt due to the buffering effect played by the food. Avoid smoking, smoke increases stomach acid and can promote the development of gastric ulcers. Avoid eating foods that cause acidity, such as products rich in protein (thick steaks), fat, spicy dishes, fried dishes containing alcohol.

Limit tobacco and coffee, acidic fruit juices (orange juice) and herbal teas releasing acid.

Good Advice To Treat Heartburn

Eat some fruit such as bananas to reduce acid secretion. Divide the food into smaller outlets. You must chew your food well for better digestion. Search the cause of acidity, e.g. drugs such as some anti-inflammatory drugs or antibiotics that can lead to heartburn.

If possible, ask your doctor to change medication (if you think they are the cause of your digestive disorders). If this is not possible, take these drugs always with food, avoid eating them before eating.

Reduce your body weight because excess weight promotes heartburn. Limit or avoid alcohol as alcohol irritates the stomach lining. And, opt for a healthy lifestyle.