Undoubtedly, be it men or women, we all have a hidden and uncontrolled desire of having sexual intimacies. Perhaps, this is the reason behind increased number of people affected with sexually transmitted diseases. Regardless of cultural hypocrisies and geographical barriers, people are found to be indulged in illicit affairs. I do not need to tell you, the two main reasons behind this disease – unprotected sex and frequent partner change. About, HIV we all know; there is enough information available. But, about STD (sexually transmitted diseases), people are still in doubts.
What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
Diseases transmitted during sex are referred as “sexually transmitted diseases” or STDs. These STDs are usually very contagious and leads to severe health penalties. They are actually caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi and the virus can be transmitted through genital, oral and anal intercourse. But, in some cases this virus can enter in your body by mere kissing or touching the genitals. Let us learn about a few most common sexually transmitted diseases.
Chlamydia are spherical bacteria and you can only survive in host cells. Infection with chlamydia is done mostly through unprotected sexual intercourse.
A persistent, less viscous and yellowish discharge; sometimes accompanied by pain during urination. The virus in women can trigger inflammation of the endometrium and the fallopian tubes. The symptoms are witnessed usually one to three weeks after infection.
Chlamydia can be treated well with antibiotics.
Hepatitis is an infectious disease of the liver. The responsible B and C viruses are transmitted through body fluids. Hepatitis B viruses are most often transmitted through sexual intercourse.
Usually without symptoms. In some cases, there are unusually extreme fatigue, loss of appetite and abdominal pain. Sometimes patient may develop jaundice.
Acute infection with hepatitis B usually proceeds without symptoms and can be healed after two to four weeks’ general treatment. However, there are cases of the brain damage. Medications can relieve the course. In severe cases only a liver transplant can help.
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by bacteria. It is considered especially infectious.
Yellow-white discharge from the cervix or penis and burning pain during urination. Untreated gonorrhea can become chronic. This may even result in infertility. Because, gonorrhea completely runs unmarked and symptoms appears for only a few, and therefore most of the time, it remains unnoticed.
With Antibiotics gonorrhea can be treated well. In recent years, however, an increased number of gonococcal strains are found; resistant to certain antibiotics.
We know herpes – but herpes in the genital area? This is not to joke. The triggered genital herpes is usually caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV) type II.
Despite the fact that you can even now pass the contamination, you may never see that you have symptoms from a HSV disease. On the other hand, you may see symptoms inside a couple of days to two or three weeks after the initial contact. At the point when indications happen not long after a man is contaminated, they have a tendency to be serious. They may begin as little blisters that in the end tear open and deliver crude, agonizing bruises. These rankle and wounds then may join influenza like manifestations with fever and swollen lymph hubs.
Genital herpes cannot be cured. The viruses survive in the nerve ganglia. If the immune system is strong, the characteristics and symptoms can be suppressed. The painful blisters can only be combated through timely treatment with antiviral agents, as they heal faster.
HIV or AIDS is one of the most dangerous sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and is controlled by the HI virus triggered (human immunodeficiency virus). The virus is in body fluids with a main focus on blood and semen. AIDS is most commonly transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse, however, the virus can be transmitted through non-sterile injection or tattooing.
Symptoms vary from patient to patient and depend on the stage of the disease. The first symptoms include about flu-like symptoms such as fever, headache, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes and rash .
HIV ( AIDS ) is not curable. Today, the new drugs have improved the quality of life of the patients. Post-presentation prophylaxis (PEP) includes taking hostile to HIV meds as quickly as time permits (inside 3 days) after you may have been presented to HIV to attempt to diminish the shot of getting to be HIV positive.
Syphilis is a bacterial infection of type Treponema pallidum and after an infection, the virus spread by the blood throughout the body.
The symptoms of syphilis are evident not only in the sexual organs, but can almost touch the whole body. About three weeks after infection patient will develop small, painless, red-brown growths in genital or mouth area, which are called “Hard Saddle Shrouded”. They are highly infectious. At the same time there is an inflammation and swelling of the lymph nodes. After about seven to ten weeks of infection, flu-like symptoms such as fever, headache, fatigue, loss of appetite and weight loss can be noticed; a sign that the virus has spread throughout the body.
Syphilis is treated with the antibiotic penicillin.
Despite endless warning, I feel no hesitation in saying, these unsafe postmortems are becoming a trend now. Although most of the infections are curable, but “Prevent and prepare is always better than repent and repair,” they say. Knowing your limits and obeying them is a must, be it any shore of your life. For a few minutes’ unprotected pleasure, pledging your life to a pathogen is no way a sound decision.