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If your body is not using insulin properly, you are diabetic 2. In medical terms its called – insulin resistance.
Type 2 Diabetes was earlier associated more with the elderly, but even children are getting inflicted with it now. In it, though insulin is produced by the pancreas, it is not utilized effectively by the body and the blood gets excessive levels of sugar/glucose. The body cells show insulin resistance and do not allow the blood sugar to enter them to be stored for use as energy later on.
Symptoms of Diabetes Type 2
The disease does not have any marked symptoms, due to which it is often diagnosed at quite a late stage by when complications may already have set in.
In fact, many patients do not show any indications at all. In most of the other cases, the symptoms are dismissed as being a normal part of growing older.
The typical warning signs indicating the presence of Type 2 Diabetes are feeling lethargic, tired and dizzy; getting leg cramps and headaches; feeling constantly hungry; feeling excessively thirsty; and urinating frequently.
Itchy skin infections and slow healing of cuts & wounds are also indicative of the disease. Patients may also gradually put on weight, have blurred vision and experience mood swings.
Treatment of Diabetes Type 2
Type 2 Diabetes does not have any particular cure. The immediate concern is to reduce the high levels of blood glucose and then, the focus shifts to preventing the development of complications in the disease.
One should consult the physician and take the prescribed medication. This should be coupled with healthy eating and regular exercising. Intake of simple carbohydrates, fats and calories must be reduced, and fiber and complex carbohydrates must be consumed in increased quantity.
Doing aerobic exercises regularly burns up the excessive glucose and decreases the body cells’ resistance to insulin.
It also lowers the blood lipids and de-stresses the body, which stops problems or complications from arising. It is best for the people who are at high risk of Type 2 Diabetes to be aware and adopt a healthy lifestyle to prevent, or at least delay, the onset of the disease.
They should ensure sensible eating and sufficient physical activity, and abstain from smoking.