Let’s start with the good news: a recent study shows that women over 40 who give birth to children without the aid of fertility drugs or other assisted reproductive procedures, tend to live longer.
What are the pregnancy challenges? Why getting pregnant in 40s is a challenge? According to recent studies, peripartum cardiomyopathy is one of the hidden risks to which they are exposed to if they get pregnant after 40 years. It is a rare complication of pregnancy, which occurs only in women and has a mortality rate of over 85%.
Cardiomyopathy is an abnormality of the heart muscle, which expands and reduces the action of pumping blood.
Most often appears in the latest quarter task, but it can be diagnosed after birth.
Lungs filling with fluid is a common symptom of this disease. This complication causes severe shortness of breath, which is the main reason for pregnant women or mothers seek medical attention.
The thing most frequently complains pregnant patients who are over 40 years are that they feel very tired.
Hormonal changes during pregnancy make women feel tired, but fatigue seems to be more pronounced in women with older age and can be accentuated if there were other young children with whom the expectant have to deal with.
Getting pregnant after 40 years can seriously increase your troubles.
If you already have a child, you are more prone to problems like hemorrhoids, increased pressure on the bladder, prolapsed tissue from the uterus and vagina or sagging breasts.
This is because muscles and other tissues in these areas are already stretched. You can minimize these effects by not taking too much weight during pregnancy, doing moderate exercise and doing Kegel exercises to maintain strength vaginal muscles.
Now, let us talk about the emotional state.
By the age of 40 years, you have accumulated extensive experience and a high level of maturity. You now how to raise a child. And, you have more patience than you have had in 20 years. But you’ll probably be worried about other things.
That is fine. But, what are the risks to the baby?
Unfortunately, about one-third of all pregnancies of women between 40 and 44 years ends in a miscarriage. The reasons are multiple: the eggs may be imperfect, the lining of the uterus may not be quite thick, or blood from the uterus may not be enough to sustain a pregnancy.
There are also high risks of placenta previa (which means the placenta is inserted down into the uterus, blocking partially or completely cervical opening and creating a high risk of hemorrhage) and detachment of the placenta (which means that a part of the placenta or across the placenta separates from the uterine wall).
Babies born to women over 40 have a higher risk of low birth weight (below 2.5 kg).
The risk of chromosomal birth defects increases steadily every year after age 40. If you give birth at age 40, your baby has a risk of 1-106 of having down syndrome and risk of 1 in 66 of having chromosomal abnormalities. Up to 44, those risks rise to 1 in 38 and 1 to 26 respectively.