Circumcision : Get the Facts, Benefits, Risks & More

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Circumcision: Get the Facts, Benefits, Risks & More
Circumcision: Get the Facts, Benefits, Risks & More
Photo Credit: Kaspars Grinvalds / Bigstockphoto.com
Kumar Sunil

Kumar Sunil

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HIGHLIGHTS

  1. Why circumcision?
  2. Procedure of circumcision.
  3. What are the risks?
  4. What are the benefits?

There is still controversy over the necessity of circumcision. Apart from religious reasons, there are various other reasons behind circumcision.

Circumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin that involves, skin fold that of the penis. The surgery is quite simplistic and minimal risks, its duration is between 5 and 10 minutes. Child’s doctor will administer a local anesthetic in order to improve pain felt during the ablation procedure of the foreskin.

Cultural Aspects of Circumcision

In the world today, many men are circumcised. While parents typically invoke reasons of hygiene, medical professionals considered that the operation does not have hygienic meanings. Therefore, it can be said that circumcision is the most common form of cosmetic surgery.

Many people in the world practice circumcision for various reasons, ethnic or cultural. Circumcision is ubiquitous Hebrew and Muslim and Christian sects lowest in Egypt, Africa, India, and Oceania. But in Europe, circumcision was practiced rarely, even today is less common than in the United States.

Sociologists and anthropologists have suggested several arguments explain circumcision. It may have been considered healthy, a sign of ethnicity or as attractive to the opposite sex, or maybe it was thought that enhances sexual pleasure.

In the West, circumcision is often associated with Judaism. Traditionally, all Hebrew boys are circumcised. Circumcision is part of the Jewish religion. It is the first biblical commandment that Jews must follow.

What is Circumcision?

Circumcision is the surgical removal of the tissue and the lining which normally covers the glans (head) of the penis. This two-layer tissue is known as the foreskin.

Parents are advised to read as much as possible about circumcision and peruse the complexity of this procedure. If possible, ask to observe a circumcision surgery at the hospital, so that you really know what it is about.
What’s the Point Foreskin?

The foreskin serves three functions: protective, sensory, and sexual. In most cases, this foreskin on the glans at birth will separate over a variable period of time. While the diaper period, the foreskin protects against abrasion from diapers and feces. Throughout life, the foreskin keeps the glans soft and moist and protects it from trauma and injury.

Parts of the foreskin, as the mucosa (inner foreskin) and frenulum, are particularly sensitive and contribute to sexual pleasure. Specialized nerve endings enhance sexual pleasure. Inner foreskin (mucosa) is the skin in direct contact with the glans. Like the lining of the mouth, this tissue is thinner and of a different texture and color than the rest skin covering the penis (shaft skin).

What Are The Reasons Behind Circumcision

Circumcision is primarily performed for cultural or religious reasons because a large number of men in English-speaking western countries are circumcised. For many, it is an unnecessary part of the foreskin of the penis. Many circumcisions are performed because a circumcised father often does not want to be different from his son.

Often said that a circumcised penis is cleaner and easier to maintain than one intact . Smegma (a natural substance composed of dead skin cells, normal flora, and secretions containing the natural antibacterial agent – lysozyme) accumulates in the presence of a foreskin.

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Medical reasons for circumcision most often cited are: Reduced risk of urinary tract infection (UTI); reducing the risk of penile cancer; reducing the risk of cervical cancer in a partner; reduced risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STD).

Evidence in support reduces UTI in the literature are contradictory, but it seems to be the most important medical reason for UTI can have serious consequences. However, in most cases, these infections can be treated with antibiotics.

Penile cancer is a rare form of cancer. It occurs mainly in the elderly and most doctors will not recommend circumcision as a preventative measure. There are reports that claim that 37% of penile cancer cases occurred in circumcised men.

Hygiene

The foreskin is easy to care for and the intact penis is easy to keep clean . The foreskin usually does not fully retract for several years and must not be forced. When it becomes fully retractable, boys should be taught the importance of washing underneath the foreskin every day.

Gently rinsing the genital area while bathing is sufficient. Harsh soap and excessive washing can irritate the penis, which can lead to inflammation of the glans.

Smegma is a white waxy substance that can appear under the foreskin. It consists of natural secretions and shed skin cells. In the past, it was feared that smegma might be carcinogenic, which was denied. Good general hygiene and common sense, are keys to preventing infection and disease.

The Advantages of Circumcision

Among medical specialists, there were always a number of differences regarding the benefits it can offer surgery alike about the high importance of these benefits so worthwhile intervention risks.

  • Children over whom you made such a surgery are less prone to any infections related to their urinary tract.
  • Throughout life, the develop much lower risk of penile cancer as compared to boys / men with no circumcision.
  • Circumcision has an important role in reducing risk of contacting sexually transmitted diseases.
  • On the other hand, it could not yet prove the existence of any link between circumcision and preventing the development of infection or some bumps on the penis, but research in this area continues today.

What Are The Risks of Circumcision?

  • Excessive bleeding
  • Glans injury
  • Infection (wound is exposed to feces and urine in diaper)
  • Complications from anesthesia
  • Surgical error, including removal of too much skin
  • In rare cases, complications can be fatal.
  • Up to 20% of circumcised males will suffer from one or more of the following complications.
  • Meatal stenosis – narrowing of the urethral opening due to infection and scarring that occurs almost exclusively in circumcised boys.
  • Scars on penis
  • Bridges and hanging skin (tissue)
  • Penile curvature
  • Painful erection
  • Psychological and psychosexual problems

The skin of the glans becomes dry if not protected by the foreskin. Dryness and constant friction can lead to progressive loss of sensation glans, especially in later life.

I Am Ready For Circumcision. What is next?

Once you decide to have you circumcised, make sure, you hire only an experienced surgeon for the procedure. Sometimes circumcision is considered “minor surgery” and if performed by anyone not so experienced, it can be troublesome. This may result in high rate of errors and complications.

Another method is the dorsal slit. This method does not involve removal of tissue, but allows the glans to be exposed.

Your doctor can help decide how much skin will be removed and how much of the glans should remain covered. However, in most cases, once obtained parental consent, the physician has absolute license to execute the will.

Make sure your intention is expressed in writing before the surgery. To reduce pain, ask the doctor to use anesthetics.

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